Return a vector of indices of nonzero elements of a matrix, as a row if x is a row vector or as a column otherwise.
To obtain a single index for each matrix element, Octave pretends that the columns of a matrix form one long vector (like Fortran arrays are stored). For example:
find (eye (2)) ⇒ [ 1; 4 ]
If two inputs are given, n indicates the maximum number of elements to find from the beginning of the matrix or vector.
If three inputs are given, direction should be one of
"last", requesting only the first or last
n indices, respectively. However, the indices are always returned in
If two outputs are requested,
find returns the row and column
indices of nonzero elements of a matrix. For example:
[i, j] = find (2 * eye (2)) ⇒ i = [ 1; 2 ] ⇒ j = [ 1; 2 ]
If three outputs are requested,
find also returns a vector
containing the nonzero values. For example:
[i, j, v] = find (3 * eye (2)) ⇒ i = [ 1; 2 ] ⇒ j = [ 1; 2 ] ⇒ v = [ 3; 3 ]
Note that this function is particularly useful for sparse matrices, as it extracts the nonzero elements as vectors, which can then be used to create the original matrix. For example:
sz = size (a); [i, j, v] = find (a); b = sparse (i, j, v, sz(1), sz(2));
See also: nonzeros.